Decision Support – Cognitive Services

Decision Support with Cognitive Services

Cognitive services process data into information, which ultimately serves to support decision-making and process optimization. To do so, methods from Artificial Intelligence (AI) are used as well as classical statistical analyses or control systems.

©; edited by Fraunhofer IESE

Cognitive services in agriculture

Cognitive services and the application of AI-based methods are a central component of the Fraunhofer lighthouse project “Cognitive Agriculture”. As we understand it, a cognitive system is first and foremost a system that behaves intelligently – from a human perspective – in a situation, for example by adapting its behavior depending on the context.

This can, but does not need to, include neural networks or Machine Learning methods as technology. It can also simply mean that several data sources are used and combined to make the triggering of an action safer, more sustainable, and more transparent – or simply that one or several context factors are included in the consideration, such as available sensor values.

In this sense, the key to digital transformation in agriculture lies in the availability of machine-readable data and information. These should be available in high quality, and there must be an understanding of the interrelationships. Only on this basis can cognitive services be developed, that is, systems that offer an interface that is helpful and feels natural to humans to support them in their daily work.

Agricultural solutions with cognitive services

In our lighthouse project, cognitive services are linked to an agricultural solution or a concrete service that transforms data into information and decision support.

Among others, we are working on solutions for the following topics:

  • Representation and control of the nitrogen balance in the nutrient cycle
  • Support for robust harvest campaign planning
  • Optimization of the use of fertilizers through predictive plant cultivation

Depending on the state of the implementation, results on the cognitive solutions are presented here in more detail.

Articles on the Topic of “Cognitive Services”


Smart Farming in our Blog  / 25.,05.2022

»CURT« field robot: An innovative manipulator for weed regulation

The aim of the mobile agricultural robot "CURT" (Crops Under Regular Treatment) from Fraunhofer IPA is to use its cognitive abilities to help shape the agriculture of the future by making plant protection measures autonomous in labour-intensive, organic and pesticide-free, conventional cultivation. [in German]


Smart Farming on our Blog / 5.11.2020

Mathematics and Big Data in the field – Cognitive services support agriculture

Mathematics and Big Data can provide support for agriculture![in German]


Smart Farming on our Blog / 09.05.2020

Cognitive agriculture – where is it headed?

Everywhere we can read about the use of AI systems, which will soon be used in all areas of our lives and will further automate our everyday life and thereby make it easier. [in German]

Smart Farming on our blog

Current posts, information, and insights about Smart Farming and the Fraunhofer lighthouse project “COGNAC”

Do you have more questions about cognitive services? – Contact us!

Fraunhofer Institute for Experimental Software Engineering IESE

Fraunhofer-Platz 1

67663 Kaiserslautern, Germany

Ralf Kalmar

Phone +49 631 6800-1603